Sunday, January 18, 2009

Improved Pizza Dough

Ok, I know I've done pizza dough before. But I've improved it since then! For one, I got a tip from this post over at How to Cook Like Your Grandmother. He said to not add the oil to the water, but to add it after incorporating the flour. I don't know if that was what did it, but it was much easier to work with than it used to be. I'm going to have to make it several more times to see what's what. Tragic, I know. Heh. I also added half a tablespoon more honey. It's still not a sweet dough, just a little more flavorful. And to top it off I got new, better pictures. I have actually been taking new pictures of anything I've posted about before I got a camera with a close-up macro, so there might be more of these updates in the future.

Here's the deal though. I'm not writing a whole new post for this since I already have one all written up. I'm just going to repost it with the new pics and measurements (and some grammar corrections...). So here it is: Improved Pizza Dough!

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1 package (1/4 oz) active dry yeast
3 cups flour
1 tbl honey
1 tsp salt
2 tbls olive oil
1 cup warm water

Mix the honey and water together, then add yeast. Let sit for about 10 minutes. Add the salt and give it a quick stir. Add 1 cup of flour and mix it in well. Add the rest of the flour. Mix it as much as your can with a spoon then use your hands. Now add the oil. If it is too wet to work with, add flour by the tbl until it is dry enough to knead, if it is too dry add water by the tbl until it's right. Turn it out onto a well floured surface and knead it for a few minutes,10-15 is best. Form it into a ball and put it into a large, oiled container, cover it with a clean cloth and let it rise till it's doubled in volume. Punch it down and let it rise till doubled again. Repeat a couple more times, if desired. Punch it down again and turn it onto a well floured surface. Use it for whatever you wanted to use pizza dough for.
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Ok, this won't come as a surprise to anyone who knows me, but for those of you who don't: I love bread. Oh yes, I do. I could never do Atkins nor am I ever again going to be slim like I was when I was sixteen, because I just love my carbs way too much. Particularly breads. French bread, Italian bread, garlic bread, cheesy bread, sweet, savory, wheat, white, focaccia, all of it. Well... almost all. I'm not really into rye or really sour sour dough, although both do have their place. But other than that, yeah. Gimmie. And there is just something about pizza dough, the chewy, crispy, browned and soft deliciousness just gets me every time. Now usually I buy a premade dough which is pretty good and doesn't require kneading (although I do enjoy kneading) or rising (waiting, I can do without) and freezes really well. But the store I go to has either moved it or stopped carrying it or something and it hasn't been around. So I am making my own. (Update: Even when the premade stuff is available now, I still make my own. It's just much better.)

Now, I don't have a stand mixer, this is all done by hand. If you have a stand mixer and want to use it I can't really help you, although if my brother comments he might be able to give some tips. Also this recipe isn't going to tell you what to do with it, other than some vague ideas. I am going to be making calzones for dinner tonight and that will be a post of it's own. So, this is my recipe for pizza dough. Well, it's really more of an all-purpose dough, you can use it for other things than pizza. It would make a fine roll or probably even a loaf of bread. Tomorrow I'm going to make focaccia with it. But anyway, here it is.

Start off with some warm water in a big bowl. You don't want it too hot or it will kill the yeast or too cold because then the yeast won't grow. So, warm. 85 to 115° is the consensus of the recipes I looked through. I didn't measure it, I just stuck my finger in and thought "Would I put an infant in here? Sure." and was on my way. Now put in the honey and mix it up. The sugar helps the yeast do it's thing. Sprinkle the yeast on top and let it sit for 10 minutes or so, you want it to look foamy. Now add the salt and one cup of flour. If you wanted to you could add some dried spices at this point. Oregano is always nice, basil or thyme are good. A little garlic powder punches up the flavor of a dough. We are going to stick with the basics here though. Mix it up really well with a spoon. Once it's well mixed, add the rest of the flour. Now you can mix it up more with a spoon, but eventually you are going to need to just get in there with your hands. This is when you want to add the oil. If the dough is too dry add warm water, a tablespoon at a time, till it is firm but tacky. If it is too wet, do the same thing with flour. I wound up adding a lot of flour. I didn't measure it though because my hands were covered in goo. This is one of those things where you just kind of need to practice and learn what it should be like. Firm but slightly tacky is all I can think of to describe it. Turn it out onto a clean, well floured surface. Now my favorite part, kneading. Take the heel of your hand, smoosh it into the dough and push it away from you. Fold the dough in half and repeat. And repeat. And repeat. And repeat. This is why you don't act up around Italian grandmothers, you don't want them smacking you with their dough kneading arms. Do this for a couple minutes adding more flour to the counter as needed to keep the dough from sticking to your hands and the work surface. The amount of kneading time in the recipes I have read varies from one minute to half an hour. In my experience it is better to knead it longer, I usually do it for about five to ten minutes, sometimes as long as 15, or until I am wicked tired. Form the dough into a ball and oil it lightly. Put it in a large mixing bowl (also oiled) or something like one. Now cover it with a clean towel and put it somewhere warm and dry. An unlit oven is good or just the counter if it's warm in your house. Let it rise till it's doubled in size (hey, that rhymes!). This should take about 30-45 minutes. Once it has doubled, punch it down. Just give it a good smack. Now recover it and let it double again, it will take maybe twice as long. Punching it down redistributes the food for the yeast and lets it keep doing it's thing for longer, making the dough more flavorful. Once it has doubled again, punch it down again. Now you can punch it down and then let it rise again, but you don't have to. It is done.

Well, you still want to punch it down, even if you aren't letting it rise. Now if you are using it right away, turn it onto a floured surface and go nuts, do whatever you want. Roll it out for and top it and you have pizza. Fold the circle of dough around goodies for a calzone, deep fry chunks of it for fried dough, bake little balls of it brushed with butter for rolls, wrap strips around cooked sausage for pigs in a blanket. All kinds of things you can do. It's pizza dough, one of the most versatile things in the world. Or you can keep it in the fridge for a day or so or freeze it and use it in the far future. If you refrigerate/freeze it make sure to bring it to room temperature before try to work it or else it will just rip instead of stretch.

13 comments:

Melissa said...

"Ok, this won't come as a surprise to anyone who knows me, but for those of you who don't: I love bread. Oh yes, I do. I could never do Atkins nor am I ever again going to be slim like I was when I was sixteen, because I just love my carbs way too much."

You took the words right out of my mouth.

noble pig said...

I have yet to tackle pizza dough...it's about time.

Dawn said...

Yeah like Cathy (above) said "I have yet to tackle pizza dough"
All doughs scare me...I need to get over that.

Bob said...

Melissa: :)

noble pig: go for it!

Dawn: Pizza dough is a good one to start with, I think. If you screw up at least it's still pizza. :)

Reeni♥ said...

I love all things bread, too. I won't give it up even in the face of a wheat allergy! I have had to cut down a little. I am always trying to improve my pizza dough, thanks for the tips!!

Karen said...

Hey, I'm impressed... you did this without a stand mixer! The dough looks smooth - just perfect. Way to go Bob's Dad!

duodishes said...

We could whip this up in a flash with our Kitchenaids too. It'll be a first, but there's always a first time...

Bob said...

Reeni: You're welcome! If I had a wheat allergy I wouldn't be able to give it up either. Have you even used spelt flour? I have a friend with a wheat allergy, but she can eat that fine.

Karen: Thanks! :) It's a good arm workout. Heh.

Duo: A kitchen aid would make it much faster, that's true. I think even if I had one I would still do it by hand, I just love kneading. :)

Clumbsy Cookie said...

So I guess we're having pizza soon... I've also made pizza dough today!

The Brutal Gourmet said...

Using a stand mixer will cut the kneading time down in half for this size recipe, but I usually make about half of that these days and that is not quite enough to engage the dough hook sufficiently for good kneading on my midsized KitchenAid. Besides, it is good exercise.

Melissa said...

Oh I almost forgot..

Since I love your blog... I've left this award for you. Pick it up here...

http://www.ofsoupandlove.com/2009/01/of-soup-and-love-and-swelling-head.html

... and thanks.

Anonymous said...

Hi! Came across your pulled chicken calzones on food gawker, I was going to tackle these later tonight and noticed your pizza dough recipe has no yield. Im looking to make it for myself and two of my pretty hungry guy friends. Does this recipe make the equivalent dough for say.. 1 pizza? 2?

Bob said...

Anonymous: Hm, a yield would be helpful wouldn't it? Honestly, I'm not even too sure, but I would say it could make 2 mediumish pizzas, maybe 3 personal sized calzones. If in doubt, double it. You can always make bread sticks or cinnamon dough or something with leftovers. If nothing else, it freezes well.

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